AHSEC English Solved Question Paper 2018-Class 11

If you are going to appear in final board whether it is of CBSE OR AHSEC or any other board, solving past years papers will surely help you in scoring good marks. In this post, I have provided you AHSEC Question Paper-Class 11, Class 11 Solved English question paper 2018. Analyzing the AHSEC QUESTION PAPERS will give you an idea about the question paper pattern



Full Marks: 90

Time: Three hours

The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions



1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

The word ‘depressed’ in common usage means sad, frustrated, fed up, bored and pessimistic. The mood of a depressed person is much lower at his or her best moments than that of a normal person at his or her worst. Depression is a state of mind. It is a mental disorder characterised by a lowering of the individual’s vitality, his/her mood, desires, hopes, aspirations and of his/her self-esteem.

Depression arising out of environmental factors is called reactive depression; depression arising out of biochemical changes in the brain is called endogenous depression. If depression is mild or moderate and if the individual is in touch with his / her surroundings, it is known as neurotic depression. If the individual is severely disturbed and is not able to comprehend what is happening around, such a state is called psychotic depression.

Old age is one of the stages of human development, where a person is likely to attain wisdom, maturity, social and economic stability with social recognition and emotional fulfilment. Generally, societies show great respect and consideration for the aged. In ancient times old people were considered as the guiding stars in Indian families because they were symbols of tradition, respect wisdom and experience. In primitive, ancient and medieval cultures, old persons had a recognised social role. They were of great value because could impart knowledge and skill to youngsters. The old people were considered as repositories of wisdom and traditions and were not perceived as a burden on others.

At Present, social structures and values are undergoing a transformation from traditional to modern. There is a rapid stride in urbanization and industrialisation leading to the breaking up of joint families and property. This has weakened the social position and status of the aged in the family. Changes in the institutions of marriage and family have diminished the control of parents over their children. Children have come to view the aged as a useless and non-productive entity. The ultimate result is that the very integrity of the family with the elderly forming an integral part of it is being uprooted. Thus the elderly have ended up losing much of their earlier authority, respect and prestige within the Indian family system. These changes generally bring about depression in old people.


1.(a) (i) What does the word ‘depressed’ mean in common usage?

Ans:- In Common usage “depressed” means sad, frustrated, fed up bored and pessimistic.

(ii) What is ‘reactive depression’?

Ans:- Depression arising out of environmental factors is called reactive depression.

(iii) What is ‘endogenous depression’?

Ans:- Depression arising out of biochemical changes in the brain is called endogenous depression.

(iv) Why were old people considered to be of great value in earlier societies?

Ans:- In earlier societies, old people were considered to be of great value because they could impart knowledge and skills to youngsters.

(v) What was the status of old people in ancient India?

Ans:- In ancient India, old people were the guiding stars in Indian families. They were considered as repositories of wisdom and traditions and were not perceived as a burden on others.

(vi) What are the factors responsible for disintegration of the joint family system?

Ans:- The factors responsible for the disintegration of the joint family system are: (a) Rapid stride in Urbanisation, (b) Rapid stride in industrialisation.

(vii) Mention two change in our society that has caused depression in old people.

Ans:- Two changes in society that have caused depression in old people are: (a) Children have come to view the aged as a useless and non-productive entity. (b) Changes in the institutions of marriage and family have diminished the control of parent ever their children. So the elderly persons are losing much of their earlier authority, respect and prestige within the Indian family system.

(b) Pick out words in the passage that mean the following:

(i) liveliness and energy

Ans:- Vitality.

(ii) a place where things are stored.

Ans:- Repositories.

2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

  1. There are two problems which cause great worry to our educationists – the problem of religious and moral instruction in a land of many faiths and the problem arising out of a large variety of languages.
  2. Taking up the education of children, we see that they should be trained to love one another, to be kind and helpful to all, to be tender towards the lower animals and to observe and think right. The task of teaching them how to read and write and to count and calculate is important, but it should not make us lose sight of the primary aim of moulding personality in the right way.
  3. For this, it is necessary to call into aid, culture, tradition and religion. But in our country we have, in the same school, to look after boys and girls born in different faiths and belonging to families that live diverse ways of life and follow different forms of worship associated with different denominations of religion. It will not do to tread the easy path of evading the difficulty by attending solely to physical culture and intellectual education. We have to evolve a suitable teaching method for serving the spiritual needs of school children professing different faiths. We should thereby promote an atmosphere of mutual respect, a fuller understanding and helpful cooperation among the different communities in our society. Again we must remain one people and we have therefore to give basic training in our schools to speak and understand more languages than one and to appreciate and respect the different religions prevailing in India. It is not right for us in India to be dissuaded from this by considerations as to overtaking the young mind. What is necessary must be done.
  4. Any attempt to do away with or steamroll the differences through governmental coercion and indirect pressure would be as futile as it would be unwise. Any imposition of a single way of life and form of worship on all children or neglect of a section of the pupils in this respect or barren secularization will lead to conflict between school and home life which is harmful. On the other hand, if we give due recognition to the different prevailing faiths in the educational institutions by organising suitable facilities for religious teaching for boys and girls of all communities, this may itself serve as a broadening influence of great national value.


  1. On the basis of your reading of the above passage, make notes on it, using recognizable abbreviations whenever necessary. Add a suitable title to it.                                         5

Ans: See Q.P 2016

  • Make a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.                          3

        Ans: See Q.P 2016



3. You are arranging a picnic to Kaziranga next Sunday. Describe your preparations to your classmates in about 100 words.                                                 6

Ans. Excursions and outings are the important means of recreation. So we decided to recreate something by arranging a picnic to Kaziranga. I suggested my friend  that for picnic we should take sweets, fruits and lunch with us. For this we most go to market and buy some fruits and other eatables. We will also take a stove, a tea pot ,a dozen cups and a kettle. I suggested that in Kaziranga we will also go for safari and also see different animals along with one horned Rhino. For this purpose we will hire a guide. So that we could have a pleasant trip at a world heritage site i.e. Kaziranga. I also suggested to make bookings and necessary advance payments. Then I asked my friend to take his camera, so that we can have some memorable shots. My proposal of preparation for arranging a picnic to Kaziranga was welcomed by my classmates with shouts of applause.


You are Ranjan/Ranjana, a reporter of ‘The Telegraph’. You have witnessed a road accident resulting in the death of three persons. Prepare a report in about 100 words to be published in your newspaper.                                               6


Road Accident claims Three Lives
New Delhi, 20th December, 20XX: Three persons were killed and three, including a child, grievously injured when an over-speeding lorry hit a Maruti car in which they were travelling. The accident took place at Mathura Road at about 10 PM. The lorry driver was driving at a high speed and lost control over the vehicle while trying to overtake a bus. In a bid to save a collision with the bus he hit the Maruti car in which Six persons were travelling. Three people died on the spot and three have been admitted to Safdarjung hospital with serious injuries. The accident caused a major traffic jam as the lorry blocked the road for almost an hour. The lorry driver has been arrested and a case of rash driving and causing death due to negligence has been registered against him. 
Reported by- By Aruna Staff Reporter

4. Write a speech to be delivered in the school/college assembly on the importance of the English language in the present-day world.                                           6


Respected teachers and my dear friends,

Good morning to one and all.

I am Rohan, student of class XI. I am here to present a speech on importance of the English language in the present-day world.

Language is our primary source of communication. It’s the method through which we share our ideas and thoughts with others. Some people even say that language is what separates us from animals and makes us human. There are thousands of languages in this world. Countries have their own national languages in addition to a variety of local languages spoken and understood by their people in different regions. Some languages are spoken by millions of people, others by only a few thousand. There are several factors that make the English language essential to communication in our current time. First of all, it is the most common foreign language. Speaking it will help you communicate with people from countries all over the world, not just English-speaking ones. English is also essential to the field of education. In many countries, children are taught and encouraged to learn English as a second language. Even in countries where it is not an official language, such as the Netherlands or Sweden, we will find many syllabi in science and engineering are written in English. Because it is the dominant language in the sciences, most of the research and studies you find in any given scientific field will be written in it as well. At the university level, students in many countries study almost all their subjects in English in order to make the material more accessible to international students.

As a concluding thought, let us consider our opportunities for higher education. It is an established fact that English is the language that gives us access to Science; especially the fields of Engineering, Medicine, and Information Technology. Or think about a Post Graduate in Management and the distinct advantage he or she enjoys if able to communicate well in English! Thus English is the language that is used in higher studies and research.


Write an article for your school/college magazine on what students can do to preserve our wildlife.                                 6


Preserve Wildlife

Today we are confronted with a mass extinction of species that is unprecedented in the recent history of our planet. From the orangutans in Indonesia to the gorillas in Rwanda (recent progress!), from the California condor to the vultures of India, from Asian tigers to African cheetahs, animals, plants and sensitive ecosystems are threatened everywhere.It is said, ‘We will conserve only what we love. We will love only what we understand and we will understand only what we are taught” So, to preserve wild life. We must love it and learn more about how to preserve wild life. To preserve wild life students must encourage their friends and family to respect wildlife. We must make them understand that the animals contribute to our well being students must realise, and make other realise not to buy bones, skills, teeth, trophies or feathers of wild animals. To obtain these products, animals have to be killed and this way we encourage the wild life trade. We must not think of hunting for wild animals as a sport, or for sale or trade. It reduces the regeneration potential of our forests and is bringing some species close to extinction. Most importantly, inform the natinari parks and wildlife servie if you encounter illegal activities concerning wildlife. Even students can contribute to wildlife conservation by donating to a nature society or club. The contributions are often tax deductable. Even debates and talk show can also help to know the values of wild life consertvation. In fact students are the decision makers of the future. So they must be made aware of wild life conservation issues.

5. You have seen an advertisement in ‘The Assam Tribune’ for the post of Manager in a private firm. Write an application to the proprietor of the firm in response to the advertisement. Sign as Mridul/Mridula.                              8


Examination Hall

12th December, 20xx

The Proprietor

Bansal & Son

Tinsukia( Assam)

Subject: An application for the post of Manager


This is in response to your advertisement in ‘The Assam Tribune’ dated 10/12/20xx regarding the post of a ‘Manager’. I wish to apply for the same post.

I am outgoing, deligent and open to learning and have good command over English speaking. I have all the requisite qualification and experience. I did my BBA from Sri Ram College, Delhi. I worked as a Mangaer  in XML Pvt. Ltd. Guwahati  for 2 year. Having worked extensively in sales profession, I have had the opportunity to work closely with the senior managers to figure out sales strategies and work to achieve them. During my work at XML Pvt. Ltd. Guwahati  , I  had the opportunity to increase sales by 35% during the first year!. Moreover, I possess exceptional presentation skills which would help me to communicate effectively with potential customers.

As regard my qualification and experience , I am enclosing my bio- data for your kind consideration.  I shall be available for an interview on any day of your convenience.

If selected I shall discharge my duties with utmost devotion and sincerity to your full satisfaction.

Yours sincerely




2. Bio- date


NAME                               :                Mridul/Mridula        

FATHER NAME                :                S.K Dutta

ADDESS                             :                Examination Hall,

CONTACT                          :                9987XXXXXX

DATE OF BIRTH                :               xx/xx/1992

NATIONALITY                   :               Indian

RELIGION                          :               Hindu

MARITAL STATUS            :               Unmarried

GENDER                            :               Male

AGE                                   :               27 years


20xx BBA IIM, Delhi IIM, Delhi 76%        I


S.No Organisation Position held From To
1 XML Pvt. Ltd. Guwahati  Sales manager 1/1/20XX 31/12/20XX


  • Excellent written and verbal communication skills
  • Working knowledge of Tally, Excel, MS-Word , Powerpoint
  • Identifying and creating business requirements with senior decision makers
  • Building strong relationships at all stakeholders
  • Developing successful territory plans


  • Winner of Inter –college Debate Competition (20xx)
  • Best employee of the year 2016 at XML Pvt. Ltd. Guwahati.

Hobby: Interacting with people, reading books,  etc.

Language Known: Hindi, English, Bengali, Assamese.


I solemnly declare that all the above information are correct to the best of my knowledge.

Date: 12/12/20XX                                                                                                             Mridul/Mridula


  Place: Tinsukia               



Write a letter to the Editor of a local English daily drawing attention of the authorities concerned to the pitiable condition of roads in your area.                                                     8


Changsari, Kamrup

12TH November, 2018

The Editor

The Sentinel

Guwahati -781001

Subject:  Poor road condition.


Kindly allow me to draw the attention of concerned authorities (address) through the columns of your esteemed newspaper to the bad condition of the road in our locality that is Parbotia, Tinsukia.

The bad conditions of the road cause a lot of inconvenience to the people, causing traffic jams during the peak office hours and frequent accidents. It also causes severe damages to the running vehicles. Poor drainage system is also responsible for damaging to the roads. It is a well-expressed fact that the people of Parbotia pay a huge amount of vehicle tax. Hence it is the fundamental right of the citizens to have better roads for their vehicles.

Keeping the above in view, I hope that the concerned authorities will initiate expeditious steps to ensure a good formation of  road in our area.  

Thanking you                                                                                                                                 Yours’ truly




6. (a) Fill in the blanks with suitable determiners:                                              ½ x 2=1

  1. He had _____ time to spare as he was in a hurry. (a little/little) Ans: Little
  2. Do you have _____ complaint against the authority? (some/any) Ans: Any

(b) Rewrite the following sentences with the correct form of the verb given in brackets:                           ½ x 2=1

  1. Cricket (play) only in a few countries.  Ans: is played
  2. She (be) absent for a month. Ans: was absent.

(c) Fill in the blanks with appropriate modal auxiliaries (the sense of the sentence is indicated in the bracket):                ½ x 2=1

  1. We _____ play football. (ability). Ans: Can
  2. _____ I come in? (permission). Ans: May

(d) Correct the following:                         ½ x 2=1

  1. He left the hostel with bag and baggage.  Ans: He left the hostel bag and baggage
  2. She is reading since morning. Ans: She has been reading since morning.

7. (a) Complete the following piece of conversation by choosing the correct alternative from the brackets:          2

She said to me, “Why (why/where) are you late?” I replied, “I’ m not late. It’s 10:30  by  (in/by) my watch.”

(b) Rewrite the following sentences as directed:                                           1×2=2

  1. He did not know my name. (Make it a complex sentence)

Ans: He did not know what my name is.

  • Guwahati is the oldest city in the North-East. (Use the comparative degree of ‘oldest’)

Ans: Guwahati is older than any other city in the North-East.

8. Rearrange the words in the following to form meaningful sentences:                                                 `1×2=2

  1. This is to see you who the person came last week.

Ans:  This is the person who came to see you last week

  • Are harmless to snakes most people.

Ans: Most snakes are harmless to people.


(Textual Questions)

9. Read any one of the stanzas given below and answer the questions that follow:

  1. And who art thou? Said I to the soft-falling shower,

Which, strange to tell, gave me an answer, as here translated :

I am the Poem of Earth, said the voice of the rain,

Eternal I rise impalpable out of the land and the bottomless sea.

  1. Where do these lines occur?                      1

Ans: These lines has been taken from the poem ‘’ Voice of the rain’’

  • How does the shower fall?                          1

Ans: The rain falls softly.

  • What does the poet ask the rain?             1

                      Ans: The poet asks the rain who it is.

  • Find a word in the passage that means “that cannot be touched”.                            1

Ans: The word is ‘’ impalpable’’

 5)What idea do you form about the relationship between the rain and the earth from your reading of the quoted lines?

Ans. Walt Whitman calls the showers of rain as ‘the poem of the earth.’ Rainy season gives a new lease of life to the scorched and parched earth. The rain makes the seeds sprout in the form of saplings. Rain makes the earth pure and beautifies it. Actually it is the voice or the song of the earth. The earth finds its expression only through the showers of the rain.

  • Father and son, we both must live

On the same globe and the same land,

He speaks : I cannot understand

Myself, why anger grows from grief

We each put out an empty hand,

Longing for something to forgive

  1. Where must father and son live together?           1

                      Ans: Both the son and the father must live ‘on the same globe’ or in the same world.

  • What is the source of the father’s anger?             1

Ans. The grief of the grieved father turns into anger

  • What does the ‘empty hand’ signify?                     1
  • What do they long for?                                                 1

       Ans: They long for something to forgive

                     5) What idea do you form about the relationship between the father and his son from the quoted lines? 

Ans: The father cannot know anything about his son because the son stays away in his won world and does not care for the father’s feelings. So, the father wishes to build up a relationship which existed between them when the son was a little child

10. Answer any two of the following questions:                                                 3×2=6

  1. The three stanzas of the poem ‘A photograph’ depict three different phases. What are they?

Ans. Shirley Toulson’s ‘A Photograph’ describes three phases in time.

In the first phase, the poet’s mother is described as a twelve year old girl with a sweet and innocent smile. She is standing on the beach enjoying a holiday with her two cousins – Dolly and Betty. This was the phase before the poet’s birth.

In the second phase, the poet’s mother’s middle age is described, where she is laughing at her own snapshot. Perhaps the girls were looking quite funny in the beach clothes.

The third phase describes the poet’s feelings for her mother, who has died many years ago. This is the current phase. The photograph revives nostalgic feelings in her and it leads to a deeper silence.

  • What is the poet’s feeling towards childhood in the poem “Childhood”?

Ans. According to the poet childhood is a very happy period of everyone’s life. Childhood is free from all complexities and evils of this material world. As one grows up, he loses all his simplicity and learns about wordily matters like haven hell and adult world. A child is unable to think of his presence as different from others, he is never selfish and hostile to anyone. Therefore poet feels nostalgic about his childhood.

  • Does the poem ‘Father to Son’ talk of an exclusively personal experience or is it fairly universal? Give a reasoned reply.

Ans. In the poem the poet does talk of an exclusive personal experience. He talks about the deep differences that separate both of them. But the poem does have a universal appeal. The father and the son represent the generation gap that separates every father and every son in every family.

  • How is the cyclic movement of rain brought out in the poem ‘The Voice of the Rain’?

Ans. The rain goes on completing a fixed cycle day in and day out. She rises in the form of water vapours out of the land and the bottomless sea. She rises towards the sky where when she cools down she takes the shape of showers. The showers fall back to the place of its origin-the earth. Hence, the cycle is complete.

11. Answer any five of the following questions:                                                 2×5=10

a) Would you agree that the author’s grandmother was a person strong in character? If yes, give instances that show this.

Ans. Yes the grandmother was a strong character. First, she was physically strong in spite of her old age, second she never sat idle, she span the wheel, recited prayers, fed the birds and may be did other things of her own. In the village she did everything for the author and took perfect care of him. Third, She was mentally strong, she never showed too much emotion or weakness; one reason for this was her faith in God. Again she was able to hold back her sadness when the author was going abroad, and even received him at the railway station after five years. She was duty bound and never missed her regular activities of life. She passed on this enthuusim and zeal to others also. Finally, we got to know from the evening prior to her death, that she could enjoy so well.

  1. Explain the concept of ‘Shanshui’.

Ans. The Chinese word ‘Shanshui’ means ‘mountain-water’ (Yang yin). Together, these two words comprise the Daoist view of the universe ‘Yang’ is ‘mountain’ stable, warm and dry in the sun which reaches vertically towards Heaven. ‘Water is ‘yin’ – the receptive feminine aspect of universal energy. It rests on the earth horizontally and fluid, moist and cool

  • What is sustainable development?

Ans. Sustainable development is the kind of developmental activities that meet the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. This kind of development is expected to be undertaken without stripping the natural world of resources that the future generations would need

  • What are the principal biological systems of the earth?

Ans. The four principal biological systems of the earth are fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands. In addition to supplying our food, these four systems provide virtually all the raw materials for industry except minerals and petroleum derived synthetics.

  • Give two examples of the author’s grandmother’s love of animals.

Ans: The narrator’s grandmother was a very loving and caring woman. When they would walk back home together, the village dogs met them at the temple door. They followed them almost home. The grandmother would throw chapattis to them. In city ,she used to feed sparrows.

  • Why did Verrier Elwin say that he was unconventional as a visitor?

Ans: The author Verrier Elwin say that he was an unconventional visitorof Assam because he found the tribal and hilly people of Assam very friendly and warm.  They have a rich colourful culture to which he was attracted.

12. (a) “We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers; we have borrowed it from our children.” Justify this statement.                                         6

Ans. Man suffers from many misconceptions. He considers himself to be the lord of this world. Perhaps he doesn’t know that his actions are leading to the degradation and destruction of this Earth. He thinks that he has a freehold on this Earth.

The hungry world has ruined fishing. Forests are disappearing at the rate of an acre and a half every second. Grasslands and croplands are being converted into wastelands and deserts. Man’s greed and claims have made this earth a scorched planet of advancing deserts and an ailing environment.

Man should remember that he has to hand over this planet to the coming generations. He is only the trustee and not the master. It is the duty of every living being to leave this Earth in good health and good shape. According to Margaret Thatcher, we have only a life tenancy and not the ownership. Nor have we inherited this world from our forefathers. We have borrowed it from our children. At any cost, we have to maintain sustainable development in order to meet our present needs without harming the interests and needs of the future generation


(b) Describe the childhood days spent in the village by the author with his grandmother.                     6

Ans: Khushwant Singh’s grandmother was closely involved in bringing him up when the author lived with her in the village during his early life. She used to wake him up early in the morning. While bathing and dressing him, she sang her prayers. She hoped that the young boy would learn it by heart. She then gave him breakfast—a stale chapatti with butter and sugar. Then they would go together to the temple school. While the author learnt his lesson, the grandmother would read holy books. They returned home together.
A turning point came in their friendship when his parents called them to city. Although they shared a room, she could not help him much. She hated music, Science and Western education. The common link of their friendship was gradually snapped

13. Comment on the influence of the English language and way of life on Indian society as reflected in the story “Ranga’s Marriage”.                                          6

Ans. The narrator in the story observes that English language and English culture have come to influence the Indian way of life even in the countryside. Many people in his village even use English words while speaking in Kannada. Rama Rao’s son who buys a bundle of firewood is to pay four pieces. He tells the seller, a poor illiterate woman, that he does not have any ‘change.’ The narrator thinks that such a use of English words is a disgrace.

English way of life seems to have influenced Ranga. Ranga comes to believe that arranged marriages in India do not work. So he resolves not to marry until he finds a mature girl of his liking.

It seems that many people under the influence of English way of life give up wearing the traditional sacred thread. They marry out of caste and even religion. They begin to look down upon their own people, their language and the traditional life styles. The narrator does not like people bringing in English words while talking in Kannada. He does not like Ranga’s views about marriage and naming his child after him. He knows that in all these matters he is following English customs.


“The school system often curbs individual talents”. Discuss the statement in the light of your reading of “Albert Einstein at School.”                                        6

Ans. In most of the countries of the world, the school education has remained rigid and conservative. Each school evolves a system in which every pupil is expected to try to fit in. Even teacher are expected to blindly follow the system. No deviation is tolerated or encouraged. Individual talents are often curbed. A student who wants to study science is forced to learn facts of history.

This is what we get about the school in which young Einstein studied. Einstein had natural inclination for science and mathematics. He was not interested in learning facts but in ideas. He was called a ‘disgrace’ to the school. The head teacher decided to expel him if he did not leave the school of his own accord.

Strangely, most of our great writers, scientists and pioneers have all found fault with the school education. They simply disliked or hated schools for curbing their mental flights.

14. Answer any two of the following questions in brief:                                                 2×2=4

  1. What was Einstein’s idea of education?

Ans. Einstein’s view on education was completely different from others. According to him education should not be based on facts but on ideas. There is no point in learning facts. He was against learning facts and dates by heart. He was interested in knowing or learning ideas which accounts for progress in any field of life. Ideas, that come from critical thinking and analysis, formed real education.

  • How did Ranga and Ratna react when they saw each other?

Ans. Ranga saw Ratna for the first time in the narrator’s house while she was singing. He peeped in to see who was the singer but as he had blocked the light, Ratna felt shy and stopped singing. Ranga looked at her. He declared to leave but didn’t move. After a while he asked the narrator who was that girl and also asked if she was married or not. His face shriveled when he was told that the girl was married a year ago.

  • How do you distinguish between information gathering and insight formation?

Ans. Information gathering is different from insight formation. Anybody who is interested in facts can go to a library and consult books. Nowadays most of the facts, relating to different subjects and fields, are available on the Internet. Those who get these facts and learn them by heart pass their examinations with a good score. In reality, they are merely literate, information gatherers.

On the other hand, insight formation is a difficult activity. Insight formation requires a cool and objective analysis of the given facts. It leads us to new conclusions, discoveries and inventions. No wonder, persons like Einstein disliked learning facts. They insisted on knowing why a particular event happened this or that way. Not things but ideas interest such persons.

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