AHSEC – Class 12 | English Solved Question Paper -2018

Full Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 30
Time: Three hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions.
(Reading Skill:10 Marks)
1. Read the following passage carefully:
Among the natural resources which can be called upon in national plans for development, possibly the most important is human labour. Since the English language suffers from a certain weakness in its ability to describe groups composed of both male and female members, this is usually described as “manpower”.
Without a productive labour force, including effective leadership and intelligent middle management, no amount of foreign assistance or of natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernization.
The manpower for development during the next quarter century will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents. But we are not sure that they will be equal to the task. Will they have the health, the education, the skills, the socio-cultural attitudes essential for the responsibilities of development?
For far too many of them the answer is no. The reason is basic. A child’s most critical years, with regard to physical, intellectual, social and emotional development, are those before he reaches five years of age. During those critical formative years he is cared for almost exclusively by his mother, and in many parts of the world the mother may not have the capacity to raise a superior child. She is incapable of doing so by reason of her own poor health, her ignorance and her lack of status and recognition of social and legal rights, of economic parity, of independence. One essential factor has been overlooked or ignored. The forgotten factor is the role of women. Development will be handicapped as long as women remain second-class citizens, uneducated, without any voice in family or community, married when they are still practically children, and henceforth producing one baby after another, often to see half of them die before they are of school age.
We can enhance development by improving “women power”, by giving women the opportunity to develop themselves. Statistics show that the average family size increases in inverse ratio to the mother’s years of education – is lowest among college graduates, highest among those with only primary school training, or no education.
Malnutrition is most frequent in large families, and increases in frequency with each additional sibling. The principle seems established that an educated mother has heather and more intelligent children, and that this is related to the fact that she has fewer children. The tendency of educated, upper class mothers to have fewer children operates even without access to contraceptive services.
The educational level of women is significant also because it has a direct influence upon their chances of employment, and the number of employed women in a country’s total labour force has a direct bearing on both the Gross National Product and the disposable income of the individual family. Disposable income, especially in the hands of women, influences food purchasing and therefore the nutritional status of the family. The fact that the additional income derives from the paid employment of women provides a logical incentive to restrict the size of the family.
On the basis of your reading of the passage answer the following questions:
(A) Choose the most appropriate option: 1×4-4
a)Among the natural resources which can be called upon in national plans for development –
i.The most important is certainly human labour.
ii.The most important is possibly human labour.
iii.The least developed in certainly human labour.
iv.The least developed is undoubtedly human labour.
b)Without a productive labour force, including effective leadership and intelligent middle management
i.No productive work is possible.
ii.Entrepreneurs will incur heavy loss.
iii.Economic development will not keep peace with national movements.
iv.No amount of foreign assistance or of natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernization.
c)The manpower development during the next quarter century
i.Will be adversely affected by the threat of war.
ii.Will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents.
iii.Will be taken care of by the current emphasis on free education for women.
iv.Will be adversely affected by the country’s economic losses and political instability.
d)“Women power” means
i.Giving women the opportunity to develop themselves.
ii.Giving women the opportunity to fight themselves.
iii.Giving women the opportunity to dominate others.
iv.Giving women the opportunity to befool others.
(B) Answer the following questions briefly: 1×6=6
a)What will be the source of the manpower development during the next quarter century?
Ans: The manpower for development during the next quarter century will come from the world’s present population of infants, children and adolescents
b)During which period is a child’s growth maximum?
Ans: A child’s most critical years, with regard to physical, intellectual, social and emotional development, are those before he reaches five years of age
c)Why can’t the first teacher be effective in some of the regions of India?
Ans: During those critical formative years a child is cared for almost exclusively by his mother. But in someregions of india a mother may not have the capacity to raise a superior child. She is incapable of doing so by reason of her own poor health, her ignorance and her lack of status and recognition of social and legal rights, of economic parity, of independence.
d)What will happen to development if the womenfolk are neglected?
Ans: Development will be handicapped as long as women remain second-class citizens, uneducated, without any voice in family or community, married when they are still practically children
e)How can we accelerate the rate of progress?
Ans: We can enhance development by improving “women power”, by giving women the opportunity to develop themselves.
f)What is the difference between an educated mother and an illiterate mother?
(Advanced Writing Skills:25 Marks)
2. You are the Proprietor of Grassland Resort, Kaziranga. Write an advertisement to be published in an English newspaper offering attractive discount to Holiday Packages. (Word Limit: 50 words)5
2 days / 3 nights
Bonanza Package Rs. 5,555/- per person
(Including accommodation, all meals, transfer and sight seeing and two children below 12 adjusted in the same room without any extra charges.)
At 8000 feet height in lap of green valley
Fishing, Riding & Trekking in Sylvan Surroundings
Modern Bar
Audio/Video/Children & Indoor Games
Conference * Club facility
You are Anil/Amrita, the Cultural Secretary of Tezpur Govt. Higher Secondary School. You are planning to organise a cultural programme. Write a notice for the school notice-board inviting names of students willing to participate. (Word Limit: 50 words)5
Tezpur Govt. Higher Secondary School
1st November, 2017NOTICE
Cultural Program
Students, cheer up! The school is organizinga cultural program on children’s day from 9 AM to 3 PM. This program is open to all students. All cultural items will be included in this program. Hon’ble Hemant Biswa Sharma ,Education minister will be the chief guest. Interested students can submit their name to the undersigned on or before3-11-2017.All parents are invited.
(Cultural Secretary)
3. You are Imran/Rita of Sunrise Academy, Guwahati. Recently your school celebrated the World Environment Day. Giving details of the celebrations write a report in 100-125 words for your school magazine. 10
Guwahati,20th July, 2017 :Sunrise Academy, Guwahati celebrated ‘Environment Week’ recently. Celebration started from the World Environment Day on 5th June, 2010. The main function was organized in the college auditorium. Mr. R.K. Sen, the noted environmentalist was the Chief-guest. He read a paper on ‘Our Beautiful Planet’. He highlighted the dangers that our environment faces today. Unplanned urbanization, deforestation, smoke emitting automobiles and industrial effluents have polluted our air, water and soil. N.S.S. College volunteers held a march past holding banners enlightening the public on keeping the environment clean. The star attraction of the week was an exhibition. Its theme was ‘Green Earth Clean Earth’. The principal was highly impressed by the volunteers and their dedication to the cause. He acknowledged their services by giving commendation certificates to them.
Reported by- Imran/Rita.
You have witnessed a train accident in which a Delhi bound Guwahati Express got derailed. Write a report in 100-125 words to be published in The Sentinel, Guwahati. You are Jayanta/Juri.
Guwahati, 20th Feb, 2018: Train accidents have become quiet frequent these days. Yesterday, derailment of Delhi bound -Guwahati Express near Rangia Junction , took away two innocent lives and 50 got minor injuries. Minutes after the train had reached the outer signal of the junction , some mistake committed by the signal man caused the derailmentof three boggies. The railway officials and a rescue team arrived at the spot with the police to do the needful. Residents of the place helped the passengers with water, food, and consolation. The government announced compensation of Rs. 500000 to the family of the passenger died and Rs. 100000 to the injured passenger.
Reported by Jayanta/Juri.
4. Write a letter to the Editor of The Telegraph, complaining about the noise pollution in your locality drawing the attention of the Government to takes steps to check the same. Sign as Mohan/Anjali, Fancy Bazaar, Guwahati.
Fancy Bazaar, Guwahati
The Editor
The Telegraph
Guwahati- 781001
Sub: Complaining about noise pollution
Through the esteemed columns of your newspaper, I want to draw the attention of the authorities towards the noise created by loudspeakers and vehicles.
Not a single day passes, when one cannot escape from the noisy atmosphere. The blaring( loud unpleasant noise) of loudspeakers at the time of religious ceremonies, birthday parties or wedding ceremonies adds to the noise in the area. People use the loudspeakers at a high volume, which harms our ears and other sensitive parts of the body. The vehicular pollution too disturbs our health. The patients are unable to have a sound sleep. The attention of the students is affected due to loud noise, and thus, puts a direct impact on their health and studies.
I request the authorities to take remedial steps in this regard and instruct to use the loud speakers at the lower pitch. This will definitely bring a relief to all. I hope my voice will reach to the authorities and the residents would be protected.
Thanking You,Yours Faithfully,
You are Sourabh/Rimpi, of North Lakhimpur. You have seen an advertisement for the post of Assistant Teacher in Mathematics to teach classes IX and X in Gohpur High School. Write a letter to the President of the managing committee of the school, applying for the job. Give your detailed bio-data as well. 10
North Lakhimpur( Assam)
23rd Febuary, 2018
The President
Gohpur High School
North Lakhimpur
Subject: An application for the post of Assistant Teacher in Mathematics
This is in esponse to your advertisement in ‘The Assam Tribune’ dated 22/2/2018 regarding the post of a ‘Assistant Teacher in Mathematics’. I wish to apply for the same post.
I am outgoing, deligent and open to learning and have good command over English speaking. I have all the requisite qualification and experience. I did my graduation from Sri Ram College, Delhi in Commerce stream. I worked as a maths teacher in A New High School, Tinsukia for 1 year. I wish to bring difference in the lives of people through education.
As regard my qualification and experience , I am enclosing my bio- data for your kind consideration.I shall be available for an interview on any day of your convenience.
If selected I shall discharge my duties with utmost devotion and sincerity to your full satisfaction.
Yours sincerely
2.Bio- data
ADDESS:North Lakhimpur( Assam)
AGE:28 years
Position held
A New High School, Tinsukia
Maths Teacher


– Excellent written and verbal communication skills

– Working knowledge of Tally, Excel, MS-Word.


– Winner of Inter –college Debate Competiton (2014-2015)

Hobby: Interacting with people, reading books, cricket etc.

Language Known: Hindi, English, Bengali, Assamese.


I solemnly declare that all the above information are correct to the best of my knowledge.
(Grammar:20 Marks)

5. Change the form of narration in the following sentences: 2×2=4

a) The Speaker said, “I thank you, ladies and gentlemen, for giving me a kind hearing. When I arrived here yesterday I did not believe that I might meet so large a gathering”.

Ans: Addressing the audience as ladies and gentlemen ,the speaker thanked the people for giving him a kind hearing. He also said that when he reached there a day before, he did not believe that he might meet so large a gathering.

b) His mother exclaimed in sorrow that she had not a bit of bread to give him and that he had eaten up all the provisions she had in the house the previous day.

Ans: His mother said,” Alas! I do not have a bit of bread to give you and you have eaten up all the provisions I had in the house yesterday.”

6. Change the voice of any three of the following sentences: 3×1=3

a) A Japanese firm makes these television sets. Ans: These television sets are made by a Japanese firm.

b) An earthquake destroyed the town. Ans: The town was destroyed by an earthquake.

c) Whom did you laugh at? Ans: Who was laughed at by you?

d) He was taught this in his boyhood. Ans: Someone taught him this in his boyhood.

e) Shut the window. Ans: Let the window be shut./ You are ordered to shut the window.

7. Rewrite any five the following sentences using the verbs given in brackets in their correct tense forms: 5×1=5

a) He _____ (work) here since 2011. Ans: has been working.

b) I _____ (write) the letter last night. Ans: Wrote

c) He _____ (sit) in the library when I saw him. Ans: Was sitting

d) If I were you, I _____ (not do) it. Ans: If I were you, I would not have done it

e) The first World War _____ (last) for four years and ended in 1918. Ans: lasted

f) The rubbish van _____ (come) again in the afternoon tomorrow. Ans: will come

8. Rewrite any four of the following sentences filling in the blanks with appropriate prepositions: 4×1=4

a) He is fond _____ playing cards. Ans: of

b) She was annoyed _____ missing the bus. Ans: At

c) Who is responsible _____ breaking this mirror? Ans: for

d) We tried to dissuade her _____ marrying an old man. Ans: from

e) They are thinking _____ moving to another house. Ans: of

9. Rewrite any four of the sentences as directed: 4×1=4

a) This is one of the best colleges in the North. (Change it into comparative degree)

Ans: This college is better than many other colleges in the North.

b) You are richer than I. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)

Ans: You are not as rich as I.

c) There is no smoke without fire. (Make it affirmative without changing the meaning)

Ans: Where there is Fire, there is smoke.

d) We heard of her failure. (Make it a complex sentence)Ans” We heard that he had failed.

e) He admitted that he had done wrong. (Make it a simple sentence)Ans: He admitted his mistake

f) Unless you work hard, you will fail. (Make it a compound sentence)

Ans: Work hard or you will fail.


(Text books : 45 Marks)

10. Read one of the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:

a) “Perhaps the Earth can teach us

As when everything seems dead

And later proves to be alive.

Now I’ll count up to twelve

And you keep quiet and I will go”.


i. What can the Earth teach us?

Ans: The earth teaches us that there is life under apparent stillness. It means that we can still be alive even if we appear to be still or clam. The earth is never dead when everything seems to be dead, it remains still alive.

ii. Why does the poet count up to twelve? 1

Ans: . The poet asks us to count to twelve as there are 12 hours represented on a clock or as there are twelve months in a year

iii. What will ‘keeping quiet’ help us achieve? 1

Ans: Counting up to twelve takes very short time. Keeping still for this brief interval of time gives us a monetary pause to introspect and review the course of action. It will promote peace and brotherhood among men. It will make us energetic.


b) “No, in country money, the country scale of gain,

The requisite lift of spirit has never been found,

Or so the voice of the country seems to complain,

I can’t help owing the great relief it would be,

To put these people at one stroke out of their pain

And then next day as I come back into the sane,

I wonder how I should like you to come to me

And offer to put me gently out of my pain.”


(i) Where do these lines occur? 1

Ans. These lines occur in the poem “The Roadside Stand” written by Robert Frost.

(ii) Why has the requisite spirit never been found? 1

Ans. Because the rural people are depressed because of their poverty

(iii) What does the voice of the country people seem to say? 1

Ans. The voice of the country people seems to complain of injustice against them. There is lack of money in their lives.

(iv) What will be of great relief for the poet? 1

Ans. The poet will feel a great relief if the rural people are liberated from all pains at one stroke.

11. Answer any three of the following questions in 30-40 words: 3×2=6

a) What increases continuously in ‘A Thing of Beauty’?

Ans: A thing of beauty gives us eternal and everlasting joy. It loveliness increases day by day. It stays in our imagination and becomes a source of joy forever. It never passes into nothingness. It gives us sweet dreams and happiness and remove the cover of sadness from our soul.

b) What is considered to be ‘an exotic moment’ in ‘Keeping Quiet’?

Ans: The poet refers to the moment of stillness and quietness as an exotic moment because it will initiate peace and brotherhood. In this moment a bliss of extra-ordinary calmness would prevail on the whole earth.

c) What are the ‘merry children spilling out of there homes’ symbolic of?

Ans: The poet was driving a car with her mother. When she looked outside she noticed the ‘merry children spilling out of their homes’ which symbolizes happiness and spontaneous overflow of energy in life.

d) Who are referred to as the ‘flower of cities’ in ‘A Roadside Stand’?

Ans: The flower of cities are those who have the money and whose cash flow supports the cities so that they do not sink and wither.

e) Which things irritated the passers-by who stopped at the road-side stand?

Ans: Many things irritated those passers by who stopped at the roadside stand. The badly painted buildings spoilt the landscape, the writings on the signboard were defective, the letters ‘N’ and ‘S’ weren’t properly written and most importantly, the place didn’t provide much stuff for shopping.

12. Answer any five of the following questions: 5×1=5

a) What is the name of the blacksmith in “The Last Lesson”?

Ans: The blacksmith in ‘The Last Lesson’ was Wachter.

b) What is the ‘great trouble with Alsace’?

Ans: According to M. Hamel, procrastination (postponing something, टालमटोल) among the people, who always put off (टालना )their learning till tomorrow is the great trouble with Alsace.

c) Why have Saheb and his family migrated to Seemapuri?

Ans: The storm had swept away Saheb’s home and green fields in Dhaka. Hence, he and his family had migrated to Seemapuri.

d) Who is the ‘Chota Sahib’ in the ‘Memories of a Chota Sahib”

Ans: He was the last British Senior Conservator of Forests of Assam

e) How did John Rowntree find the weather when he arrived at Gauhati?

Ans: John Rowntree fond that the weather was cold.

f) Where was Champaran?

Ans: Champaran was in the foothills of the Himalayas, near the kingdom of Nepal.

g) Which country does Danny Casey play for?

Ans: He plays for the Ireland.

13. Answer any five in 30-40 words: 5×2=10

a) ‘Will they make them sing a German, even the pigeons?’ What does this sentence suggest?

Ans: The imposition of German over French was humiliating. The imposed every possible rule on the people of Alsace and Lorraine. It filled the people with great Patriotic feelings. Suddenly, on the roof when pigeons coo in a low tone. Franz asks himself whether they will make the pigeons also sing in German. This remark is a Frenchman’s typical reaction to imposition of learning German. This also shows the extent the German’s would go in their attempts at linguistic chauvinism.

b) What are the two different world’s Firozabad?

Ans: The author noticed two different worlds- one of the family, caught in a web of proverty burdened by the stigma of caste in which they are born; the other a vicious circle of sahukars , the middlemen, the policemen, the keepers of law, the bureaucrates and the politicians.

c) What was the promise made by Anees Jung to Saheb?

Ans: The author made a promise to open a school. The writer was embarrassed because she has not opened the school yet and Saheb keeps of asking her,”Is your school ready”, she fells embarrassed. She made a promise that was not meant.

d) What unusual visitor did Rowntree have in his bungalow one night?

Ans: Although, Gauhati was said to be the port entry into Assam, most of the travelers passed through between Calcutta and Shillong or to districts further up the valley. The narrator had unusual visitors, for example, one of which was a tiger that had been washed up by a flood. The imprint of its foot was visible through the compound of the bungalow.

e) Why did Gandhi choose to go to Muzzafarpur first before going on to Champaran?

Ans: Gandhi decided to go to Muzzafarpur first before going to Champaran because he wanted to obtain more complete information about the conditions of sharecropper of Champaran. He did not want to act blindly. It did prove helpful as the lawyers in Muzzafarpur, who frequently represented the peasant groups in the court, brief Gandhiji about the cases.

f) What job is Geoff engaged in? Does he entertain wild and impractical dreams like his sister?

Ans: Geoff was engaged as an apprentice mechanic. He has to travel to his work place each day to the far side of the city. He is not a day-dreamer like his sister. Perhaps he knows his and his family’s limitations better than her.

g) What kind of a person is Geoff?

Ans: Geoff was a quiet boy and kept his views to himself. He spoke little and did not share his views with others. He was the first person with whom Sophie shared all her secrets. She was jealous of his silence and for her it seemed that when he was quiet he was in those places where she had never been.

14. Answer any one of the following question in 80-100 words? 1×5=5

a) Describe the bangle makers of Firozabad. How does the vicious circle of the Sahukars, the middlemen never allow them to come out of their poverty? 1×5=5

Ans: The bangle makers of Firozabad have spent generations working around furnaces. Every other family in Firozabad is engaged in making bangles. They sit around lamps welding glass, making bangles for all the women in the land.

These families are caught in the web of poverty. They are burdened by the stigma of caste. They believe that they are born to this caste and thus bangle making is a god given lineage, out of which they can never imagine a life. They cannot organize themselves into cooperatives for fear of the police. Individual bangle makers are always cought in the vicious circle of the middlemen and the sohukars. This vicious circle exploits them so much that they are left with so less money that they have only enough to engage in bangle making. They cannot afford to have two meals a day. Thus they live in abject poverty


b) Relate Rowntree experiences of floods in Assam.

Ans: According to the author, during the cold days, the north bank of the Brahmaputra River was delightful. But in the rainy season, it was best to avoid the place as it was the hot bed of malaria disease. Travelling at this time may also cause problems. The rivers were over flooded and the bamboo bridges erected at the start of the cold weather were washed away. These bridges swayed and creaked alarmingly when a car passed through it, but were immensely strong and extremely useful. Once, the narrator crossed one of these flooded rivers on horseback. With difficulty, he persuaded his horse to plunge into the water, them slipped over his croup and hung on to his tail, which he was able to use as a rudder. When the narrator pushed the horse to the right, it veered to the left and when he pushed to the left, the horse veered to the right and in this way, eventually they made a safe landing on the other side of the river.

15. Answer any one of the following questions in 152-150 words: 1×7=7

a) Describe Tishani’s journey to the end of the earth – the Antarctic region, and his experience during that journey. ( Not in syllabus now)


b) Discuss the forms of discrimination projected in the narrations of Zitkala-Sa and Bama.

Ans. Zitkala-Sa was an American Native. She was forcibly taken from her mother and an alien culture was thrust upon her against her wishes. But this was not the end of her misery. Her hair was cut. This was unacceptable to her. In her community, shingled hair was worn by cowards and short hair by those in mourning. Her experience depicts racial discrimination.

Bama belongs to a community which is considered low caste. They were untouchables and the high caste people thought that they would be polluted if low caste people touched them. She was very sad and the thought infuriated her.

Both of them refused to be victims. Zitkala put up a fight before her hair could be shingled. Bama studied like crazy and stood first in her class. Throughout their lives they continued to fight social discrimination.

16. Answer any four of the following questions in 30-40 words: 4×2=8

a) What was Zitkala-Sa’ immediate reaction to the cutting of her hair?

Ans: Zitkala-Sa was terribly shocked. She was in tears. She moaned for her mother. But no one came to comfort her. No one came to reason with her as her mother used to do. Now she felt herself as one of many little animals driven by a herder

b) What did Annan say about his community to the narrator?

Ans: Annan told the narrator that they belonged to a ‘low’ caste. The people of his community were not respected, honoured or given any importance. The members of their community can attain honour and dignity if they study and prosper. If they become learned, people will come to them of their own accord.

c) How has Antarctica remained relatively pristine?( Not in syllabus now)

d) What are Geoff Green’s reasons for including high school students in the ‘Students of Ice’ expedition? ( Not in syllabus now)

e) What is it that draws Derry towards Mr. Lamb in spite of himself?

Ans: Derry finds Mr. Lamb very different from others. Mr. Lamb shows no shock or fear on seeing Derry’s burnt face. Rather, he talks to him in a loving manner. He welcomes him to his garden. He tells Derry never to think of his burnt face. He says that Derry has two arms, two legs, eyes, ears, tongue and a brain. And if he has a firm mind, he can do better than others. Such words of encouragement bring about a total change in Derry’s mind. It is by such words of encouragement that Mr. Lamb draws Derry to himself.

f) Why aren’t there any curtains at the windows of Mr. Lamb’s house?

Ans: Mr. lamb loves outside world. He does not believe in shutting things out. He wants to feel the beauty of this world. He likes to hear the sound of wind blowing outside and the birds chirping outside. So he does not have curtains at his window. He also likes light and darkness.

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