H.S 2ND YEAR
1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: (10 Marks)
- In 1889, the fifth session of the Indian National Congress was held in Mumbai. Leaders from all over the country were in the packed hall.
- A bright-eyed pretty young lady with a glowing, intelligent face rose to address the gathering. It was unprecedented.
- There were no loud speakers and people at the back could not hear her. They started surging forward. “Brothers, excuse me, my voice cannot reach you. But I am not surprised. For centuries, did you ever try to listen to the voice of a woman? Did you give her the strength to make her voice audible to you?”
- The delegates had no answer.
- There was more to come from the courageous young lady known as Pandita Ramabai. Till that day women hardly ever attended Congress sessions. It was Pandita Ramabai’s effort that resulted in nine women delegates attending the 1889 session of the Congress.
- She was not content to be a dumb delegate. She made a forceful speech on the resolution about the practice of cutting off the hair of widowed women. “You men are demanding the right of representation in British Parliament, so that you can voice the opinion of Indians. You have been crying hoarse in this very pandal for freedom of expression. Then why don’t you give the same freedom to women in your families? Why do you force a woman to become ugly and dependent as soon as she becomes a widow? Does a widower ever do that? He has the freedom to do whatever he wants. Then why not the woman?”
- One can say that Pandita Ramabai laid the foundation of the movement of women’s liberation in India.
- Ramabai never minced words. She had the courage of her conviction and stood by it. She had inherited this courage to defy social injustice from her parents, Pandit Anantshastri Dongre and Laxmibai Dongre.
- Anantshastri was a great scholar. He defied society and taught Sanskrit to his wife and two daughters. “There is noting in Shastras which prohibits women from learning Sanskrit”, he maintained, and proved his contention by giving more than 300 references. But the orthodox scholars were not convinced. They ostracized him. Anantshastri did not care. He established his Ashram in the wilderness of Gangamul in Andhra Pradesh. His generosity and the unscrupulous behaviour of his elder son-in-law deprived him of all his assets. He was forced to live the life of a nomad, reciting and interpreting Puranas, Bhagwat and other holy books to people. The family survived on whatever little cash or grain offered by the audience.
- Ramabai wrote: “Two third of the audience consisted of women who never go empty-handed to a discourse. They always offer something to the diety as well as to the kirtankar or kathakar. Men just ring the bell and do Namaskar. Thus, half of the expenditure of these temples is met by the generosity of women. Even then these priests and so-called scholars consider women as obstacles in pursuit of knowledge. They deny women the right to learn. How ungrateful: what injustice!”.
- The family travelled around for sixteen years, and that helped to broaden Ramabai’s outlook.
- Right from childhood she could not stand injustice. One day she tried to save a little girl of nine from being burnt with the dead body of her husband. “If a women has to burn and become sati, does man become sata after his wife’s death?” She asked indignantly, the young girl’s mother has no answer and simply said. “It is man’s world, they make laws: women have to obey.” “Why do women tolerate such laws?” countered Ramabai. “When I grow up, I will fight against these laws” And fight she did against every type of exploitation of women by men.
- Perhaps it was to make her strong enough for her future mission that Providence made her go through one disaster after another.
- Her father died when she was sixteen. They could not give sugar and water which he asked for on his deathbed. They were then travelling through the famine-affected area of Venkatgiri. With tears in their eyes and love in their heart, Ramabai’s family could only give some water to the dying man. Nobody helped them in his burial. After great persuasion one Brahmin got a pit dug. Srinivas, Ramabai’s brother, wrapped the dead body in a sheet and carried it to the pit. And the great scholarly sanyasi was buried.
Answer the following questions:
- Which session of the Indian National Congress was held in Mumbai in 1889? 1
Ans: In 1889, the fifth session of the Indian National Congress was held in Mumbai.
- How many women did delegates attend the 1889 session of the Indian National Congress? 1
Ans: Nine women delegates attended the 1889 session of Indian national congress.
- Who, according to the passage, laid the foundation of the women liberation movement? 1
Ans: Pandita Rambai laid the foundation of the women liberation movement in India
- How did Anantshastri defy society?
Ans: Anantshastri was a great scholar. He defied the society by teaching Sanskrit to his wife and two daughters. 2
- “They ostracized him” (para 9) 2
- Who are ‘they’ referred to here?
Ans: “They” refers to orthodox scholar
- Explain the meaning of the sentence
Ans: The orthodox scholars boycotted him
- Which incident made her fight against every type of exploitation of women by men?
Ans: During her childhood days, one-day Pandita rambai saw a little of nine being burnt with the dead body of her husband. She questioned the girl’s mother if a husband is burnt at his wife’s death, to which she has to reply. This incident made her fight against any type of exploitation of women by men. 2
3. Water is precious and we should stop wastage. Prepare a poster in not more than 50 words urging people to employ various methods of rainwater harvesting in their locality. 5
You are Pramila/Priyam, the sports secretary of Kokrajhar Senior Secondary School, Kokrajhar. Write a notice suitable for your school notice board giving the details for the participation of students in a football tournament to be organized by your school. (Word Limit: 50 words) 5
Kokrajhar Senior Secondary School
15th September 2013 NOTICE
COME ONE – COME ALL
Students, cheer up! The school is organizing an interclass football tournament on 20th September 2013. The tournament is only open to the senior students from class IX-XII. Every class will have one team. Class monitors must send the names to the undersigned latest by 18th September 2013.
4. You attended the Edufair, 2011, organized by The Assam Tribune Pvt. Ltd. In Guwahati in which some top colleges and universities of India participated and gave information about their Undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. Write a detailed account of the fair in 100-125 words. You are Parveen/Pravin. 10
The Edufair 2011 was organized by Assam Tribune Pvt. Ltd. in Guwahati on 20th September. Many top Colleges and Universities of India participated in the fair. It was an interactive session where students of different institutions gave information about their undergraduate and graduate programmes. The different books and the curriculum were a matter of discussion in the fair. The students were given enough time to interact with the experts and to get the replies to their quarries. They were also given sufficient time to go through the books and purchase them. The main motto of the Fair was to enlarge their knowledge of any subject incorporated/included in their curriculum. The famous writers of the various books were also present in the fair whom the students could meet. The fair started with a cultural programme and ended with a seminar after seven days. The organizers of the Fair were happy to see the response and took the decision to organize it after every four months. The Fair was inaugurated by the President of Sahitya Sabha. It was truly an enlightening fair.
You are eyewitness to a road accident in which a school going boy was killed and many passengers were injured. As a press reporter of The Assam Tribune, write a report about the accident in 100-125 words. You are Ayesha/Sanjoy.
Guwahati, 22nd Nov,2017: Road accident in guwahati have become quit frequent the days. Various accidents are reported everyday from different parts of the city. A horrible road accident took away two innocent lives yesterday. In another incident a school bus collided with an oil tanker coming from opposite direction . the driver of the bus lost control of the bus. The tanker tried to take a sharpe turn. There was a head on collision. The school bus was toppled over. The oil tanker caught fire. Many of the passenger in the bus minor injuries , but the conductor and a school boy died on the spot. The fire brigade arrived within 10 min and put out the fire.
Reported by saurav/Aparna
5. Write a letter to the editor of The Sentinel drawing attention of the authorities concerned regarding the poor condition of the roads in your locality. You are Rashmi/Manab living in Changsari, Kamrup. 10
12TH November, 2017
Subject: Poor road condition.
Kindly allow me to draw the attention of concerned authorities (address) through the columns of your esteemed newspaper to the bad condition of the road in our locality that is Parbotia, Tinsukia.
The bad conditions of the road cause a lot of inconvenience to the people, causing traffic jams during the peak office hours and frequent accidents. It also causes severe damages to the running vehicles. Poor drainage system is also responsible for damaging to the roads. It is a well-expressed fact that the people of Parbotia pay a huge amount of vehicle tax. Hence it is the fundamental right of the citizens to have better roads for their vehicles.
Keeping the above in view, I hope that the concerned authorities will initiate expeditious steps to ensure a good formation of road in our area.
Thanking you Yours’ truly
You are Arunava. You have seen the advertisement for the post of English teacher in Model Public School, Jorhat. Write an application for the post in response to the advertisement. Give you bio-date also. 10
23rd Febuary, 2018
Model Public School,
Subject: An application for the post of English Teacher
This is in esponse to your advertisement in ‘The Assam Tribune’ dated 10/12/2017 regarding the post of a ‘English Teacher’. I wish to apply for the same post.
I am outgoing, deligent and open to learning and have good command over English speaking. I have all the requisite qualification and experience. I did my graduation from Sri Ram College, Delhi in Commerce stream. I worked as a English teacher in A New High School, Tinsukia for 1 year. I wish to bring difference in the lives of people through education.
As regard my qualification and experience , I am enclosing my bio- data for your kind consideration. I shall be available for an interview on any day of your convenience.
If selected I shall discharge my duties with utmost devotion and sincerity to your full satisfaction.
- Bio- data
NAME : Arunava
FATHER NAME : S.K Dutta
ADDESS : Examination Hall, Tinsukia College, Tinsukia (Assam)
CONTACT : 9987XXXXXX
DATE OF BIRTH : 10/12/19XX
NATIONALITY : Indian
RELIGION : Hindu
MARITAL STATUS : Unmarried
GENDER : Male
AGE : 26 years
|2010||HSLC||SEBA||A NEW HIGH SCHOOL||79%||I|
|2012||H.S 2ND YEAR||AHSEC||TINSUKIA COLLEGE||86%||I|
|2015||B.COM||DELHI UNIVERSITY||SRI RAM COLLEGE||76%||I|
|1||A New High School, Tinsukia||English Teacher||1/11/2016||1/11/2017|
- Excellent written and verbal communication skills
- Working knowledge of Tally, Excel, MS-Word.
-Winner of Inter –college Debate Competiton (2014-2015)
Hobby: Interacting with people, reading books, cricket etc.
Language Known: Hindi, English, Bengali, Assamese.
I solemnly declare that all the above information are correct to the best of my knowledge.
Date: 23/02/2018 Arunabh
Place: Tinsukia Signature
6. You are Nandini/Nabin. Write an article in 150-200 words for a newspaper on “the role of Youth in combating corruption in the society.” 10
Ans: The role of Youth in combating corruption in the society
Corruption has become a dangerous disease in our country, India and its deep roots have spread to every strata of society. It has not only entered into the political life but also the social and economic life of the country. The persons in higher positions are the ones who mainly indulge in corruption as they feel that they have the power and can easily go scott free from being accused. The names of even former Prime Ministers like Rajiv Gandhi etc. were linked with corruption. But due to this corruption the real sufferers are the middle class people and the people of lower strata of society because they are being used like puppets in hands of these rich and powerful people. At present a common saying is prevalent that everything can be bought with money. Certificates, posts etc. can also be bought with money. Everything including justice seems purchasable. Smuggling, black marketing also run parallel with corruption. If this virus of corruption is not quickly eliminated, it will completely destroy every aspect of life beyond redemption.
Write a short speech in about 200 words on preservation of bio-diversity in the Northeast of India. 10